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47 Keyboard Shortcuts That Work in All Web Browsers

Feb 16, 2014

Each major web browser shares a large number of keyboard shortcuts in common. Whether you’re using Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Apple Safari, or Opera – these keyboard shortcuts will work in your browser. Each browser also has some of its own, browser-specific shortcuts, but learning the ones they have in common will serve you well as you switch between different browsers and computers. This list includes a few mouse actions, too. Tabs Ctrl+1-8 – Switch to the specified tab, counting from the left. Ctrl+9 – Switch to the last tab. Ctrl+Tab – Switch to the next tab – in other words, the tab on the right. (Ctrl+Page Upalso works, but not in Internet Explorer.) Ctrl+Shift+Tab – Switch to the previous tab – in other words, the tab on the left. (Ctrl+Page Down also works, but not in Internet Explorer.) Ctrl+W, Ctrl+F4 – Close the current tab. Ctrl+Shift+T – Reopen the last closed tab. Ctrl+T – Open a new tab. Ctrl+N – Open a new browser window. Alt+F4 – Close the current window. (Works in all applications.) Mouse Actions for Tabs Middle Click a Tab – Close the tab. Ctrl+Left Click, Middle Click – Open a link in a background tab. Shift+Left Click – Open a link in a new browser window. Ctrl+Shift+Left Click – Open a link in a foreground tab. Navigation Alt+Left Arrow, Backspace – Back. Alt+Right Arrow, Shift+Backspace – Forward. F5 – Reload. Ctrl+F5 – Reload and skip the cache, re-downloading the entire website. Escape – Stop. Alt+Home – Open homepage. Zooming Ctrl and +, Ctrl+Mousewheel Up – Zoom in. Ctrl and -, Ctrl+Mousewheel Down — Zoom out. Ctrl+0 – Default zoom level. F11 – Full-screen mode. Scrolling Space, Page Down – Scroll down a frame. Shift+Space, Page Up – Scroll up a frame. Home – Top of page. End – Bottom of page. Middle Click – Scroll with the mouse. (Windows only) Address Bar Ctrl+L, Alt+D, F6 – Focus the address bar so you can begin typing. Ctrl+Enter – Prefix www. and append .com to the text in the address bar, and then load the website. For example, type howtogeek into the address bar and press Ctrl+Enter to open www.howtogeek.com. Alt+Enter – Open the location in the address bar in a new tab. Search Ctrl+K, Ctrl+E – Focus the browser’s built-in search box or focus the address bar if the browser doesn’t have a dedicated search box. (Ctrl+K doesn’t work in IE, Ctrl+E does.) Alt+Enter – Perform a search from the search box in a new tab. Ctrl+F, F3 – Open the in-page search box to search on the current page. Ctrl+G, F3 – Find the next match of the searched text on the page. Ctrl+Shift+G, Shift+F3 – Find the previous match of the searched text on the page. History & Bookmarks Ctrl+H – Open the browsing history. Ctrl+J – Open the download history. Ctrl+D – Bookmark the current website. Ctrl+Shift+Del – Open the Clear Browsing History window. Other Functions Ctrl+P – Print the current page. Ctrl+S – Save the current page to your computer. Ctrl+O – Open a file from your computer. Ctrl+U – Open the current page’s source code. (Not in IE.) F12 – Open Developer Tools. (Requires Firebug extension for Firefox.)